Water damage cleaning involves numerous considerations. One of the most important considerations involved in repairing damage is that of restorative drying. Restorative drying incorporates four general principles: water removal (extraction), evaporation, dehumidification and temperature control. Understanding these water damage principles will help you ensure that your property is restored to its pre-loss condition properly and with the least amount of risk to your health, structure and belongings.

Drying requires that the affected property be brought back into a proper balance. This requires that water damage restoration professionals monitor and adjust air flow, humidity and temperature properly over time. The first principle of effective damage restoration involves water removal (extraction). You would be surprised how much water wet drywall, carpet and carpet pad can hold. These materials can soak up vast amounts of water. It is essential that as much water as possible be removed from these materials to facilitate the rest of the water damage cleaning process.

The second principle is evaporation. Evaporation is the wicking of water out of saturated materials. Rapid air movement is needed to maximize the evaporative process. Carpet water damage can be mitigated by first extracting as much water as possible, removing and discarding wet pad underneath, then using commercial air movers to facilitate rapid evaporation. The third principle of water-related restoration is dehumidification. This can be accomplished using natural or mechanical techniques. Humidity reduction reduces the risk of secondary damage to materials and contents in a property. Air with high relative humidity is more likely to reach a saturation point where water will form on surfaces, which may lead to microbial growth, mold and other bacterial contamination.

The fourth and final principle of flood water damage restoration and drying is temperature control. Warmer air can hold more water vapor and will better facilitate evaporation in a closed environment. It is generally recommended that water damage repair environments be maintained at approximately 80 degrees Fahrenheit, whenever possible, to optimize temperature-controlled evaporation. Applying these principles to your home or business restoration job will help facilitate the proper restoration of your structure and contents to their pre-loss condition. Failing to apply these principles may result in mold growth and contamination. Black mold removal can be very time-consuming, costly and even hazardous to your health if not done properly. Always consult with a professional water damage restoration professional when attempting conduct water removal or mold removal in a home.

Water Damage

The first thing created after water damage in a house is the mold. Mold creates a number of problems for the home owner. Fungi are common in nature and serve a central role as breakdown agents for organic matter. They contain fragments, or spores, which are found in virtually every home and building. Major mold that is found in water damaged homes is called Stachybotrys chartarum (atra), more commonly known as SC. It is a greenish black fungus that grows on materials like fiberboard, gypsum board, paper, dust, and lint. They become chronically moist or water damaged due to excessive humidity, condensation, and flooding.

SC was first noted as a disease when it contaminated cereal grains. When people ate that grain, they started feeling burning sensations in their mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and pain in their abdomen. Then it was found that if its pores are released into air, then there was more probability of developing these symptoms. Few reports of scientific literature stated that there were places where people had to leave the place due to spreading of molds like SC and other molds too. When the spores are released into air, they may be inhaled and can get into lungs causing severe airborne diseases.

To save houses and buildings from mold, some precautions need to be taken. Buildings should be inspected routinely for evidence of water damage and visible mold. Conditions causing mold such as water leaks, condensation, or flooding should be corrected. After water damage, books and papers should be immediately discarded. Water from the carpets and rugs should be immediately removed. Ceiling tiles, if damaged, should be removed and replaced. Remove the water from upholstered furniture with the help of water extraction vacuum. Remove moisture immediately and use dehumidifiers and fans for drying.

For the removal of mold, the simplest and most expedient remediation should be used. After cleaning, try to ensure that there are no such conditions again for these hazardous materials to grow. A professional restoration company should be called to fix or repair any problems.

Professional fire and water damage restoration contractors have expertise in emergency response and disaster recovery situations. When such disasters strike, be it a flood in your basement or crawl space, a leak in your roof or smoke and soot damage in your home, call fire and flood damage experts for complete repair and restoration services. Restoration companies usually have a set up emergency response hotline, supporting their communities in these stressful situations. The technicians who handle fire and flood damage emergencies are often IICRC certified restoration professionals, experienced in fire, smoke, flooding and water disaster scenarios on residential, commercial and industrial scales.

Professional restoration companies will arrive in your place of emergency within the hour, for the most part. They know that time is of the essence and prompt attention to your emergency will lessen the duration and cost of the restoration project. These experts arrive ready to assess the water damage in your home and start drying out the property immediately. The trucks are equipped with gear and supplies necessary for any fire, smoke, soot and water restoration job. Professional water extraction and drying tools that are used for water removal from your property are industrial strength and are designed for any type of repair and restoration efforts. They truly offer dependable, competent and personalized service for a variety of disaster recovery situations.

Many emergency water restoration scenarios involve mold infestation if left untreated for longer than 24-48 hours. Thus, mold remediation is an essential service water damage restoration contractors engage in routinely. Mold removal, structural drying, dehumidification and disinfection are crucial to the proper completion of most restoration projects.

Professional restoration contractors routinely work directly with homeowners' insurance companies to file claims. Usually, when water damage restoration contractors bill insurance companies directly, the paperwork is filled out accurately and the process flows smoothly so the claim is often processed quickly and without further delays.

Water Removal

Water Damage - Cleaning and Drying

You arrive at home and walk into the kitchen or living room and, OH NO! It looks like it is raining from your ceiling! What should you do? First thing, remain calm. Do not turn on any lights or appliances in the area, to avoid electrical shorting or possible electrocution. Stay away from underneath the water damaged ceiling area (as best as possible) as sometimes a water damaged ceiling will collapse and could cause serious injury.

If the water damaged ceiling is on the first floor, check the second floor to possibly see where the water is coming from and perhaps shutoff the water flow. Some possible and common sources of water: Toilet overflow. Overflowing sink, or tub, that was left on and that is clogged or slow draining. Washing machine overflow. Roof leak (immediately call a 24 HR. emergency service roofer). For many of these issues you will be able to shutoff the flow of water by immediately correcting the problem. If the cause is a broken or cracked supply line (under a toilet or sink) try to shut off the corresponding valve at the source, thereby stopping the flow of water. If none of these solutions work, shut off the water main valve to your house. If this is not possible, call an emergency service plumbing company for help. Remember it is always a good thing to have an established relationship with a plumbing company, especially one who offers 24 hour emergency service.

After you have shut off the water source, you may want to carefully place bowls or buckets where the water was leaking through the ceiling, this will help to prevent water damage to flooring or cabinets below the water damaged ceiling. Remember though, safety first! Do not go beneath a ceiling that looks saturated or cracked. Often, water will drain through ceiling registers or can lights. In this situation this is a normal occurrence as water looks for the path of least resistance to travel downward and often these pre-cut light and heating / air conditioning holes in the ceiling are the easiest way for water to travel downward.

After these initial steps, because of the complexity of this type of water damage situation, it is recommended that you contact a certified water damage restoration specialist to evaluate the ceiling damage. A professional will be able to correctly determine the extent and size of the water damaged ceiling and what areas can be dried or what areas of finish materials will have to be removed and replaced. An important note, even though some of the ceiling may need to be removed, the exposed wood framing beams will still need to be dried prior to re-installing dry wall (sheetrock) over them. Drying of this type is usually accomplished effectively throught the use of dehumidifiers and turbo air movers (high velocity fans). This is a very important step in the water damaged ceiling drying process and should never be ignored.

Water Damage Restoration

How to Repair Water Damage

Flooding and water damage can be devastating to your home and belongings. Many people do not consider the fact that there are different types of problems related to flooding and different causes. The type of damage caused by water in your home will determine the appropriate course of action to get the problem resolved so you can go back to normal life in your home. One of the first considerations is how the flooding occurred. Flooding can happen in storm periods or near bodies of water from the outside environment surrounding the house. Flood damage is a common problem after a fire, because what is necessary to put out the fire affects multiple areas in the home. However, flooding can also originate within the home, from broken or malfunctioning plumbing or pipe work.

When you find the source of excess water, you can determine the type of water causing damage in your home. There are three main categories of water: clean, gray, and black. Clean water has very few harmful substances in it, such as when water supply lines are broken, spilling forth clean, fresh water. It can still cause water damage, but there is little chance of bacteria or chemicals causing disease in the wake of the flooding. When sinks or tubs overflow, the water is also usually considered clean.

Gray water, formally known as category 2 water, can cause sicknesses and physical problems because the level of contaminants in the water is significant. These contaminants may be chemical, biological, and/or physical. Gray water will have micro-organisms present as well. Some examples of water damage with category 2 implications are sump pump failures, discharges from dishwashers, malfunctioning washing machines, or overflowing toilets (containing urine but not feces). Black water, or category 3 water, has a severe level of contaminants and is very unsanitary. This water is highly disposed to cause physical problems, diseases, or discomfort.

Black water has bacteria, fungi, chemical contaminants, and other dangerous substances. Category 3 water damage may come from lakes, streams, rivers, seawater, ground surface water, sewage leaks, overflowing toilets with feces, and stagnant water that stands for 48-72 hours after a category 1 or 2 flood problem. The standing of the water increases its dangerous contaminants. Black water clean-up requires the use of protective gear and special equipment to prevent disease or health problems as well as preserve the structure. Trusting clean up and restoration to professionals can help you get your home back quickly and safely.