Water damage cleaning involves numerous considerations. One of the most important considerations involved in repairing damage is that of restorative drying. Restorative drying incorporates four general principles: water removal (extraction), evaporation, dehumidification and temperature control. Understanding these water damage principles will help you ensure that your property is restored to its pre-loss condition properly and with the least amount of risk to your health, structure and belongings.
Drying requires that the affected property be brought back into a proper balance. This requires that water damage restoration professionals monitor and adjust air flow, humidity and temperature properly over time. The first principle of effective damage restoration involves water removal (extraction). You would be surprised how much water wet drywall, carpet and carpet pad can hold. These materials can soak up vast amounts of water. It is essential that as much water as possible be removed from these materials to facilitate the rest of the water damage cleaning process.
The second principle is evaporation. Evaporation is the wicking of water out of saturated materials. Rapid air movement is needed to maximize the evaporative process. Carpet water damage can be mitigated by first extracting as much water as possible, removing and discarding wet pad underneath, then using commercial air movers to facilitate rapid evaporation. The third principle of water-related restoration is dehumidification. This can be accomplished using natural or mechanical techniques. Humidity reduction reduces the risk of secondary damage to materials and contents in a property. Air with high relative humidity is more likely to reach a saturation point where water will form on surfaces, which may lead to microbial growth, mold and other bacterial contamination.
The fourth and final principle of flood water damage restoration and drying is temperature control. Warmer air can hold more water vapor and will better facilitate evaporation in a closed environment. It is generally recommended that water damage repair environments be maintained at approximately 80 degrees Fahrenheit, whenever possible, to optimize temperature-controlled evaporation. Applying these principles to your home or business restoration job will help facilitate the proper restoration of your structure and contents to their pre-loss condition. Failing to apply these principles may result in mold growth and contamination. Black mold removal can be very time-consuming, costly and even hazardous to your health if not done properly. Always consult with a professional water damage restoration professional when attempting conduct water removal or mold removal in a home.
The first thing created after water damage in a house is the mold. Mold creates a number of problems for the home owner. Fungi are common in nature and serve a central role as breakdown agents for organic matter. They contain fragments, or spores, which are found in virtually every home and building. Major mold that is found in water damaged homes is called Stachybotrys chartarum (atra), more commonly known as SC. It is a greenish black fungus that grows on materials like fiberboard, gypsum board, paper, dust, and lint. They become chronically moist or water damaged due to excessive humidity, condensation, and flooding.
SC was first noted as a disease when it contaminated cereal grains. When people ate that grain, they started feeling burning sensations in their mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and pain in their abdomen. Then it was found that if its pores are released into air, then there was more probability of developing these symptoms. Few reports of scientific literature stated that there were places where people had to leave the place due to spreading of molds like SC and other molds too. When the spores are released into air, they may be inhaled and can get into lungs causing severe airborne diseases.
To save houses and buildings from mold, some precautions need to be taken. Buildings should be inspected routinely for evidence of water damage and visible mold. Conditions causing mold such as water leaks, condensation, or flooding should be corrected. After water damage, books and papers should be immediately discarded. Water from the carpets and rugs should be immediately removed. Ceiling tiles, if damaged, should be removed and replaced. Remove the water from upholstered furniture with the help of water extraction vacuum. Remove moisture immediately and use dehumidifiers and fans for drying.
For the removal of mold, the simplest and most expedient remediation should be used. After cleaning, try to ensure that there are no such conditions again for these hazardous materials to grow. A professional restoration company should be called to fix or repair any problems.
I don't care what your drywall water damage actually is, the first thing that were going to need to do is to find out where the water damage is actually coming from. The most common culprit, will be a roof leak or a plumbing water supply pipe that is leaking. Let's get down to the bottom, literally. That's where most of the drywall water damage repairs will need to be done.
If you have water leaking from your roof, there's a good chance that the drywall ceiling will be damaged and if it has an acoustical or popcorn type ceiling texture on it, a large area of the ceiling texture will need to be scraped off or removed and then re-sprayed after the water damage repairs have been made.
If your ceiling is smooth, this will be the easiest ceiling repair that you can make, most of the time. Sometimes people get the illusion that a smooth water damaged ceiling from a roof leak, will be easier to fix and their right. The problem is, after the repair has been made, if it isn't done properly, the repair will stick out like a sore thumb.
Now what about a water damage ceiling that has a light texture or a heavy texture. This will usually be the hardest ceiling repair to make. It's difficult to match some types of ceiling textures. The heavier the texture, the harder it will be to repair. If you have a lightly sprayed orange peel type texture, you can count yourself lucky. This repair will usually be easier to finish than a smooth ceiling repair.
You repair the water damage ceiling, and you don't like how it looks. Here's the best way to fix this problem. You will need to smooth out the entire ceiling, using drywall joint compound, until it is totally flat or smooth or scrape all the acoustic old ceiling texture off and start from scratch.
Once the entire ceiling is smooth, you can apply your new texture or acoustic ceiling. Some contractors will actually figured the job that way, just to save themselves a view of headaches later.
If there is other water damage to the ceiling, you might even think about removing all of the drywall, replacing it and re-texturing the entire ceiling.
Water Damage Mold
Water damage can be extremely devastating and proper cleaning and recovery needs to follow a three step process.
The first step is to clean the item from the mud or debris that lay on the surface.
The second step is to repair any damage that may have been done.
The third step is to disinfect the item.
There are items that are more or less susceptible to water damage and this article will give tips on recovering the most commonly damaged items. Paper items are the most easily water damaged items in your home and can be damaged without direct contact to water. Repairing paper items requires drying, which can be accomplished through air drying or by using a dehumidifier, however the process can be more complicated then jus simply drying. Water damagned books for example are a paper item in which the process can be more complicated and you will need to prioritize. Books that are leather bound, have parchment or vellum bindings should be a priority as they will disintegrate faster. To dry books that have been damaged by clean water, simply remove them from the water and let them dry without opening them or closing them while they are in water. For books damaged by dirty water, remove them from the water and rinse the pages in clean running water. After the books are clean, open them to air dry and make sure you turn them upside down every few hours.
You can also place white absorbent paper about every 10-15 pages to speed the drying process. When the books are no longer wet place them lightly against a solid surface to ensure prevention of swelling. When trying to repair water damage to blankets, sheets, comforters or towels, the first step is to ensure that they can be bleached, if they cannot you will be unable to disinfect them properly and they should be discarded. Blankets and comforters should be soaked in warm water and bleach for 15-20 minutes each. Any items that have dirt or debris attached may need to be soaked twice prior to being washed, twice. Sheets and towels should be soaked in cold water and bleach for 10-15 minutes and then rinsed in cold water. Then wash the sheets and towels in hot water and detergent with a cup of bleach added for proper disinfectant. Mattresses should be left to a professional or discarded, you will be unable to properly clean them at home.
Water damage to wood furniture should be cleaned with soap and water first, if that is not sufficient you may need to use a solution of turpentine and water. To bring back the most color you may need to rub the wood with steel dipped in lemon or olive oil. Once this step is complete then polish the furniture with a soft cloth. There are several items that if water damage occurs are best left to a professional conservator, including pictures, paintings and electronic media. All of these items can be attempted in home restoration if you chose, however the best results would be with a professional who is trained to properly handle these delicate items. Attempting a home restoration may damage these items past the point that a professional can recover.
Water Damage - Cleaning and Drying
If you have experienced flooding you will be well advised to contract the services of a professional flood cleanup contractor to carry out your water damage cleanup or your basement flood cleanup. When it comes to water damage, you might already know that it can do a significant amount of damage in a very short amount of time. Seeking professional help as soon as you can will often mean the difference between thousands of Dollars in additional expenses that a flood cleanup contractor can help you avoid. Water damage cleanup is more of a science than just simply pumping water out and allowing everything to dry. There are so many things to worry about in the form of moisture damage, mold damage, dangers of electrocution, dangers related to natural gas leaks etc that it is better for a homeowner to hire a professional basement flood cleanup company to carry out the work. Before you do, make sure that you take some of the following steps yourself to minimize or contain the damage.
- If you have not identified the source of water, it could be from a burst pipe that cannot be spotted easily. Your best bet in this case would be to shut off the water supply to stop the leak.
- Assess the damage to see if it is something that you can manage on your own. Generally, if there was enough water to stagnate, it would be better to call a professional company as the basement flood cleanup will require heavy equipment such as dehumidifiers, blowers and water extraction units that you will not have.
- Open up the windows, door and try to get some air circulation going to minimize damage from moisture. Moisture can easily be absorbed by various construction materials such as drywall, ceilings and even by furniture
- Turn off the electricity in the house or cut off power supply to the affected area as there is a serious risk of electrocution during a water damage cleanup if the electricity is left on.
- If you are carrying out a basement flood cleanup, you will first have to turn off the natural gas supply as dangerous gases can leak from pipes that might have broken from the increased water pressure.
A professional flood cleanup contractor will first inspect your house to give you a broad picture about the extent of damage. They will be able to tell you about what can be salvaged or restored and what will have to be discarded and replaced. A professional flood cleanup company will possess several commercial grade blowers, humidifiers and water extraction units that will be very expensive to buy or rent on your own. A cleanup company will ideally have several of these machines and they might use several drying units at once depending on the extent of damage in your house. When you hire a professional flood cleanup company, you can be assured that the work is being carried out by people who know exactly what they are doing, which might not be the case when you attempt to do the water damage cleanup on your own.
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